Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah.
Do you believe in Destiny, not in coincidences, but pure destiny. That what ever has happened, is happening or will happen is for a reason and Allah (SWT) has fully knowledge of it.
The topic I have chosen to discuss is Qadr, this is the belief that things are predestined by Allah (SWT). May Allah forgive me for mistakes made in this message. Therefore all mistakes are from me and anything positive that comes out of this message is from Allah.
Qadr comprises of four parts.
1. The first part is the knowledge of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) knows exactly and everything of what takes place, what has taken place and what will take place.
2. The second part of Qadr is Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooth which is the prescribed tablet. In the Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooth everything that will happen has been written down.
3. The third part is the will of Allah (SWT). Everything in the past, present or future takes place by the will of Allah (SWT).
4. The last part is Creation. It is the belief that Allah (SWT) has created all creation, all what they possess of attributes, and all their actions.
Qadr is one of the seven beliefs in Allah, without it the belief of a Muslim is incomplete. The Qadr of Allah (SWT) is not an easy concept to grasp. It is beyond human understanding to fully comprehend and understand it but nevertheless it is possible to understand a great (though small in proportion) part of it.
Allah (SWT) says in the Quran:
“And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record. “(6:59)
This is such a powerful verse in the Quran, no action no matter how minute it is goes unseen. It is a clear statement for all Muslims, and I say this to myself first, to be wary of our actions because we know that Allah (SWT) has knowledge about all things, as is told to us in the Quran.
إِنَّ اللّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Truly, Allah is the All-Hearer, All-Knower.
إِنَّ اللّهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Surely! Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knowing.
إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا خَبِيرًا
Indeed Allah is Ever All¬-Knower, Well¬-Acquainted with all things.
This is a topic that can confuse a lot of people, a good example of looking at this topic is to imagine that you have a school schedule. Your exact timings and subjects have been predetermined by a higher authority. But the way you behave with regards to them is up to you, although certain things are out of your control. Just because the higher authority has the power, doesn’t mean they make you do things. Rather they let you do things and then judge you accordingly and give you your grades at the end. If you want to change your schedule, or if there is a certain subject you don’t like, the only person you can go to is that higher authority. Allah is of course much greater than this example, but you can see how it sort of corresponds.
To borrow from the article on the consciousness of our actions “although it is true that Allah has pre-ordained our fate and destiny, long before Adam was created, He has indeed inspired us through our mind and soul of the wickedness and righteousness. With the guidance from the two most precious treasures left to us by our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the Quran and the Sunnah. It is really up to us to decide, whether we want the eternal life of Jannah, or rather disturbingly, the torments of the hellfire. And if we choose the former, InshaAllah, He will make it easy for us”.
It is important to know that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Nothing increases one’s life-span except good deeds, and nothing repels divine decree except du’a. And verily, a person may be deprived of sustenance due to a sin that he commits.” [ibn Majah] So while some things are written, Allah makes our reliance on Him as well as our deeds change certain courses of action. So when something occurs, we need to be content that it was decreed, and if it was good, thank Allah for it, and if it was bad, ask Allah to help us out of it and be patient.
In life we face many challenges, but Allah gives no one more than they can bear. Since Allah has seen what is to take place, then surely during these times of hardship we should turn to Allah. For Indeed Allah is Ever All¬-Knower, Well¬-Acquainted with all things.
وَالَّذينَ ءامَنوا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ لا نُكَلِّفُ نَفسًا إِلّا وُسعَها أُولٰئِكَ أَصحٰبُ الجَنَّةِ ۖ هُم فيها خٰلِدونَ
“And (as for) those who believe and do good We do not impose on any soul a duty except to the extent of its ability– they are the dwellers of the garden; in it they shall abide.”
Whenever it said to pray for the best, not something specific but the best outcome of a situation, this is where we should put our trust in Allah. “It may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not. (Al-Baqarah: v216). So let us not weep when we do not achieve what we set out, instead rejoice for something better is always around the corner.